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Military EngineersThe Development of the Early Modern European State$
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Bruce P. Lenman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781845861209

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861209.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 26 May 2020

The Civilian Contribution of the Spanish Royal Engineers, 1500–1800

The Civilian Contribution of the Spanish Royal Engineers, 1500–1800

(p.259) 11 The Civilian Contribution of the Spanish Royal Engineers, 1500–1800
Military Engineers

David Buisseret

Edinburgh University Press

Rather neglected until recently, Spanish military engineers now have been studied in detail revealing that the Habsburg and Bourbon kings, from small beginnings in the sixteenth century, sustained an exceptionally large number of military engineers in the 17th and 18th centuries – over 600 in Europe and over 100 in the New World. Trained in mathematics, surveying, architecture and cartography they built a limited number of great forts, usually to defend strategic ports like Havana, Santiago de Cuba, Portobelo, and Cartagena de Indias. However, fortification was hardly necessary in the major capitals far from coastlines so their greatest, most enduring, achievements lay in cartography, road and water engineering, town planning and architecture.

Keywords:   Havana, Santiago, Portobelo, Cartagena, cartography, planning, road and water, engineering

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