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Military EngineersThe Development of the Early Modern European State$
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Bruce P. Lenman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781845861209

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861209.001.0001

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French Military Engineers in the American Colonies, 1635–1776

French Military Engineers in the American Colonies, 1635–1776

(p.247) 10French Military Engineers in the American Colonies, 1635–1776
Military Engineers

Emilie d’Orgeix

Edinburgh University Press

The first French military engineers in the American colonies between 1635 and 1670 did not belong to a professional corps, being officers with expertise to do military land-surveying and construct emergency defences. Between 1670 and 1691 engineers were under the discipline of Vauban who chose them for missions in Canada or the French Antilles. After 1691, until 1776, they were all ingénieurs du roi. They ranged across citadel and fort construction, cartography and town planning (especially in Louisiana and Saint Domingue).They promoted the urban grid plan, as well as harbours and road construction. With incorporation in a royal Genie corps in 1776 they became much more strictly military.

Keywords:   Canada, Louisiana, Saint Domingue, Antilles, ingénieurs du roi, citadel, fort

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