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Military EngineersThe Development of the Early Modern European State$
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Bruce P. Lenman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9781845861209

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861209.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 26 May 2020

Introduction: Military Engineers from Polymath Courtiers to Specialist Troops

Introduction: Military Engineers from Polymath Courtiers to Specialist Troops

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction: Military Engineers from Polymath Courtiers to Specialist Troops
Source:
Military Engineers
Author(s):

Bruce P. Lenman

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861209.003.0001

There had been medieval specialist builders of fortifications, but in Renaissance Italy virtuoso military engineers were a response to the need to create new artillery-resistant fortifications after the devastating invasion of Italy by Charles VIII of France in 1494. Military engineers often had an artistic background. They were multi-tasking international hired guns who spent time on firework displays, canal construction, and town planning as well as fortification. Gradually, with the consolidation of early-modern warfare states cadres of specialist military engineers developed, but they were few in number, directing labour supplied by the infantry, and usually became self-contained combat engineers only late in the nineteenth century.

Keywords:   Artillery, Renaissance, multi-tasking, fireworks, combat engineers

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