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Dissent After DisruptionChurch and State in Scotland, 1843-63$
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Ryan Mallon

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9781474482790

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2022

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474482790.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

New Lights: The Growth of Dissent and Voluntaryism in Scotland, 1712–1843

New Lights: The Growth of Dissent and Voluntaryism in Scotland, 1712–1843

Chapter:
(p.21) Chapter One New Lights: The Growth of Dissent and Voluntaryism in Scotland, 1712–1843
Source:
Dissent After Disruption
Author(s):

Ryan Mallon

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474482790.003.0002

This chapter questions what ‘dissent’ historically meant in Scotland prior to the Disruption. Following a brief overview of post-Reformation Scottish religious history, the chapter details the origins of the eighteenth-century secessions from the Church of Scotland and the varying reasons for these schisms, before assessing the growth of ‘New Light’ voluntary thought within the main seceding churches and their increasing influence in Scottish society from the turn of the nineteenth century. Finally, the chapter discusses the role of these new groups of urban middle-class dissenters in the major ecclesiastical and political controversies of the first half of the nineteenth century: the Voluntary Controversy of the 1830s and the ‘Ten Years’ Conflict’, which directly resulted in the Disruption and the formation of the Free Church.

Keywords:   Dissent, Voluntary churches, Evangelicalism, Church of Scotland, Established Church, Presbyterianism, Scotland

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