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World Englishes at the Grassroots - Edinburgh Scholarship Online
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World Englishes at the Grassroots

Christiane Meierkord and Edgar W. Schneider


As the most widespread global language, English now has substantially more second and foreign-language speakers than native speakers. It is increasingly spreading beyond an ‘educated elite’ of academics, politicians, business professionals and the like, among speakers with limited access to formal education, that is at the grassroots of societies. Bringing together international contributors, this book explores uses of English in a variety of grassroots multilingual contexts, drawing on a diverse range of experiences, such as motorcycle taxi drivers, market vendors, cleaners, hotel staff, tour ... More

Keywords: English at the grassroots, grassroots English, World Englishes, grassroots, disadvantaged, non-elitist speakers of English

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9781474467551
Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2021 DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474467551.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Christiane Meierkord, editor
Ruhr-University of Bochum

Edgar W. Schneider, editor
University of Regensburg

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Chapter 1 Introduction: English Spreading at the Grassroots

Christiane Meierkord and Edgar W. Schneider

Part I: English at the grassroots in former spheres of British interest

Part II: English in trade and work migration

Part III: English in forced migration

End Matter