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Muslim Preaching in the Middle East and BeyondHistorical and Contemporary Case Studies$
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Simon Stjernholm and Elisabeth Özdalga

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474467476

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474467476.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

The Framework of Islamic Rhetoric: The Ritual of the KhuṬba and its Origin

The Framework of Islamic Rhetoric: The Ritual of the KhuṬba and its Origin

Chapter:
(p.19) 1 The Framework of Islamic Rhetoric: The Ritual of the KhuṬba and its Origin
Source:
(p.iii) Muslim Preaching in the Middle East and Beyond
Author(s):

Jan Retsö

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474467476.003.0002

The Friday sermon in the mosque (which is not explicitly referred to in the Qur’an) has a structure that has been practiced at least since the beginning of the 8th century. Several scholars have pointed out that its structure with a two-part sermon as the basic element can be derived from the Jewish (or Judaeo-Christian) sabbath service with its supplications, Torah-reading and subsequent supplications. Sources indicate, however, that the Islamic ceremony may have been quite different in the first Islamic century. The word minbar originally designated the throne of a ruler and has many parallels in the ancient Middle East and Ethiopia from where the word actually comes. It can be argued that the Friday sermon in the beginning was a proclamation of the ruler seated on a throne, a custom which was discarded by circles opposed to the Umayyads.

Keywords:   Jewish sabbath service, Judaeo-Christian influences, khutba, masjid, minbar, the Qur’an, throne, Umayyad

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