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Muslim Preaching in the Middle East and BeyondHistorical and Contemporary Case Studies$
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Simon Stjernholm and Elisabeth Özdalga

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474467476

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474467476.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

The Framework of Islamic Rhetoric: The Ritual of the KhuṬba and its Origin

The Framework of Islamic Rhetoric: The Ritual of the KhuṬba and its Origin

(p.19) 1 The Framework of Islamic Rhetoric: The Ritual of the KhuṬba and its Origin
(p.iii) Muslim Preaching in the Middle East and Beyond

Jan Retsö

Edinburgh University Press

The Friday sermon in the mosque (which is not explicitly referred to in the Qur’an) has a structure that has been practiced at least since the beginning of the 8th century. Several scholars have pointed out that its structure with a two-part sermon as the basic element can be derived from the Jewish (or Judaeo-Christian) sabbath service with its supplications, Torah-reading and subsequent supplications. Sources indicate, however, that the Islamic ceremony may have been quite different in the first Islamic century. The word minbar originally designated the throne of a ruler and has many parallels in the ancient Middle East and Ethiopia from where the word actually comes. It can be argued that the Friday sermon in the beginning was a proclamation of the ruler seated on a throne, a custom which was discarded by circles opposed to the Umayyads.

Keywords:   Jewish sabbath service, Judaeo-Christian influences, khutba, masjid, minbar, the Qur’an, throne, Umayyad

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