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Bullets to Ballots – Collective De-Radicalisation of Armed Movements - Edinburgh Scholarship Online
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Bullets to Ballots: Collective De-Radicalisation of Armed Movements

Omar Ashour


Why does a designated terrorist organisation decide to abandon and de-legitimate political violence and terrorism? When does a rebel leader decide to turn an insurgency into a non-violent social movement? How does a radical militia turn into a reformist party? Why do these transformations and collective de-radicalisation processes happen? And what are the conditions for initiating and sustaining them? These are the main questions that this edited book engages with to explain group transformations from bullets to ballots. The book starts with the testimonies of two leaders of collective transfo ... More

Keywords: Ending Political Violence, De-Radicalisation, Violent Extremism, Insurgency, Terrorism, Democratisation, Peacebuilding, Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR), Security Sector Reform (SSR), Jihadism, Armed Left and Ethno-nationalist Transformations, Middle East Security and Politics, Latin America Security and Politics, Europe Security and Politics, Africa Security and Politics

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9781474467117
Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2022 DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474467117.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Omar Ashour, editor
Doha Institute for Graduate Studies

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