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Age of RoguesRebels, Revolutionaries and Racketeers at the Frontiers of Empires$
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Ramazan Öztan and Alp Yenen

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9781474462624

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2022

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474462624.001.0001

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The Abode of Sedition: Resistance, Repression and Revolution in Sasun, 1891–1904

The Abode of Sedition: Resistance, Repression and Revolution in Sasun, 1891–1904

(p.178) 6 The Abode of Sedition: Resistance, Repression and Revolution in Sasun, 1891–1904
Age of Rogues

Toygun Altıntaş

Edinburgh University Press

This article will investigate the transformation of Sasun, a remote mountainous region inhabited by Armenian and Muslim peasants as well as Kurdish pastoralists, into a zone of contention between the Hamidian regime and the Armenian revolutionary movement. The conflict in Sasun became a cause célèbre of imperial and international significance and was followed closely by foreign journalists and diplomats, Ottoman and Russian Armenians, government officials, and Sultan Abdülhamid II himself. Using Ottoman and British archival sources as well as the official organs of the Hnchak Party and the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, the article will foreground subjects and practices of resistance and repression during this period. Doing so will allow us to trace the process by which local encounters and struggles gained imperial and international import. The article will focus on the period from 1891, when the first Hnchak revolutionary arrived in the region, to 1904, when the Hamidian regime deployed a large military force for the second time to destroy the revolutionary presence and bring the region’s Armenians to heel. It will examine revolutionary tactics and strategies of recruitment, propaganda, and utilization of violence. It will also shed light on Hamidian practices of cooptation, exclusion, criminalization, and collective punishment.

Keywords:   Revolution, Abdulhamid II, Minoritization, Armenian, Ottoman

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