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Sacred Place and Sacred Time in the Medieval Islamic Middle EastAn Historical Perspective$
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Daniella Talmon-Heller

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474460965

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460965.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Excursus: The Founding of an Islamic Rajab Under Fatimid RuleLunar Calendar

Excursus: The Founding of an Islamic Rajab Under Fatimid RuleLunar Calendar

Chapter:
(p.151) 16 Excursus: The Founding of an Islamic Rajab Under Fatimid RuleLunar Calendar
Source:
Sacred Place and Sacred Time in the Medieval Islamic Middle East
Author(s):

Daniella Talmon-Heller

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460965.003.0017

Addressing the pre-Islamic custom of the Arabs to use intercalation for adjusting their lunar calendar to the solar annual cycle, the Qurʾan and the Prophet's farewell sermon are said to forbid the nasīʾ. This excursus brings the explanations of the medieval scholars al-Biruni and Ibn Taymiyya and of western scholarship for the creation of a unique Islamic calendar.

Keywords:   Islamic calendar, khuṭbat al-wadāʿ (the Prophet's farewell sermon), al-nasīʾ, intercalation, al-Biruni, Ibn Taymiyya

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