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Sacred Place and Sacred Time in the Medieval Islamic Middle EastAn Historical Perspective$
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Daniella Talmon-Heller

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474460965

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460965.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 25 October 2021

Rajab in Pre-Islamic Arabia and in Early Islam

Rajab in Pre-Islamic Arabia and in Early Islam

Chapter:
(p.134) 15 Rajab in Pre-Islamic Arabia and in Early Islam
Source:
Sacred Place and Sacred Time in the Medieval Islamic Middle East
Author(s):

Daniella Talmon-Heller

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460965.003.0016

This chapter presents Rajab as one of the three holy months of pre-Islamic Arabia. The taboo on manslaughter during Rajab allowed safe travel, fairs, and the performance of the pilgrimage known as ʿumra. Rajab's sanctity survived the transition from Jahiliyya to Islam, but remained contested for centuries. Muslims commemorated it by fasting, ritual slaughter, supplications, iʿtikāf in mosques, and special sermons. Devotional works, written by Shiʿis and Sunnis from the ninth-century onwards, promise the remittance of sins and other great rewards, for rites performed in Rajab.

Keywords:   Jahiliyya, sacred months, Rajab, ʿumra, ritual slaughter, fasting, supplication, iʿtikāf, sermons, rewards for devotions

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