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BayanaThe Sources of Mughal Architecture$
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Mehrdad Shokoohy and Natalie H. Shokoohy

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474460729

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460729.001.0001

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Historic Edifices in the Towns and Villages of the Bayana Region

Historic Edifices in the Towns and Villages of the Bayana Region

(p.490) Chapter Ten Historic Edifices in the Towns and Villages of the Bayana Region

Mehrdad Shokoohy

Natalie H. Shokoohy

Edinburgh University Press

The towns once under Bayana preserve significant buildings: in Dholpur, the tomb of Bībī Zarrīna, Sikandar Lodī’s mother, is formed like a jewel box, with the contrasting, plainer, structure of its mosque enhancing the effect. Khanwa has the Karbalā graveyard, with mosques and tombs featuring purposely carved stonework of the Bayana style, some now encroached by sand, and probably associated with a Shi’ite population. Nagar and Sikri were small towns on the plain later adopted by Akbar for his capital and palaces at Fathpur Sikri. Early 14th century mosques, the Aṃbiawālī, the Jāmi‘ and the Purāna Masjid with its curious miḥrāb are still in use. In Sikri the Mīwātiyun kī Masjid, is in the style of the Auḥadī buildings, but perhaps of the Lodī period.

Keywords:   Dholpur, Bībī Zarrīna, Sikandar Lodī, Khanwa, Shi’ites, Nagar-Sikri, Fathpur Sikri

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