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BayanaThe Sources of Mughal Architecture$
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Mehrdad Shokoohy and Natalie H. Shokoohy

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474460729

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460729.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 30 June 2022

Domestic Architecture

Domestic Architecture

(p.415) Chapter Eight Domestic Architecture

Mehrdad Shokoohy

Natalie H. Shokoohy

Edinburgh University Press

Bayana is exceptional in the rare survival of 15th century dwellings, abandoned but still standing in the Fort after the 1505 earthquake. They provide insights into structure and methods of construction as well as a typology, from single-room dwellings to courtyard plan houses and those with an open-fronted hall (īwān) and flanking chambers, featuring standardized, apparently mass-produced, stone elements which could include Qur’anic inscriptions. The division of space from public to private is discussed, and the role of private gardens providing seclusion. The survey enables identification of secular and religious structures, and shows the similarity between the plot layout of the ruined domestic dwellings in Tughluqābād, as well as of the later surviving mansions of Chanderi, and their antecedents in the planning of palaces and houses in Central Iran. The continuation of the house form in Sufi khānaqāhs, distinguishing them from orthodox religious structures is highlighted, and comparisons made with the 17th century merchants’ houses in the Armenian quarter of Isfahan.

Keywords:   Earthquake, Dwellings, typology, Gardens, Mass-production, Tughluqābād, Chanderi, Central Iran, Sufi khānaqāhs, Isfahan

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