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BayanaThe Sources of Mughal Architecture$
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Mehrdad Shokoohy and Natalie H. Shokoohy

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474460729

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460729.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 01 July 2022

Waterworks

Waterworks

Chapter:
(p.369) Chapter Seven Waterworks
Source:
Bayana
Author(s):

Mehrdad Shokoohy

Natalie H. Shokoohy

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460729.003.0007

An excerpt from Ibn Baṭṭūṭa introduces the challenges of surviving in this arid region. All the existing Indian methods for harnessing and storing monsoon rain were employed in Bayana, adapted and enhanced by the Muslims, resulting in a variety of dams, wells and reservoirs. The reservoirs vary from enhanced natural depressions, such as the “Peacock Lake” planned to supply the Fort, to the more elaborate reservoirs with steps at all sides (bā’olīs). All significant remains are surveyed, notably the Jhālar Bā’olī, an elegant walled and colonnaded structure built in 1318 by the Khaljī governor, Kāfur Sulṭāni, possibly for the army campground but exceptional in its design and creation of a micro-climate. The deep rectangular bā’olīs with a well at one end and steps at the other could also have shady underground arcades and colonnades as places of resort from the heat: the Bā’olī of Khān-i Khānān built for the use of Hindus in the Fort has a hierarchy of space and ornament anticipating early Mughal buildings, other step-wells combining pleasure and utility include that at Barambad, in the garden of Maryam Zamānī, the wife of the Emperor Akbar.

Keywords:   Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Water management, Reservoirs, Wells, Step-wells (bā’olī), Khaljīs, Kāfur Sulṭāni, Barambad, Maryam Zamānī

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