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BayanaThe Sources of Mughal Architecture$
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Mehrdad Shokoohy and Natalie H. Shokoohy

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474460729

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460729.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 01 July 2022

Early Monuments: Twelfth-Fourteenth Centuries

Early Monuments: Twelfth-Fourteenth Centuries

(p.163) Chapter Four Early Monuments: Twelfth-Fourteenth Centuries

Mehrdad Shokoohy

Natalie H. Shokoohy

Edinburgh University Press

Bayana and its region preserves monuments of the Ghurid conquerors of India, among them Muḥammad ibn Sām’s army commander Bahāʾ al-dīn Ṭughrul. The Chaurasī Khamba Mosque at Kaman and the Ukhā Mandīr Mosque (the Jāmiʿ of Bayana, now converted to a temple) and the ʿĪdgāh – the earliest surviving prayer wall in India – where the army or whole town could congregate are surveyed and the concept of the ʿīdgāh or namāzgāh in the Iranian world (Khurāsān) is discussed with examples from Amul, Shiraz, Bukhara, Yazd, Isfahan, Bust, Turuq and Mashhad as well as in India at Nagaur, Badaon, Delhi, Rapri and Jalor. The extension of the Jāmiʿ in the Khaljī period (the Ukhā Masjid) as well as the Tughluq remains outside the town are surveyed and illustrated, and the development of technology from trabeate to arcuate elements is discussed, along with how purpose-built elements were favoured over temple spoil once power was established.

Keywords:   Indian Architecture 12th-14th Century, Ghurids, Muḥammad ibn Sām, Bahāʾ al-dīn Tughrul, Kaman, ʿIdgāh, Iranian world, Khurāsān, Nagaur, Badaon

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