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Armenians Beyond DiasporaMaking Lebanon their Own$
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Tsolin Nalbantian

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474458566

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474458566.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 28 February 2021

Making Armenians Lebanese: The 1957 Election and the Ensuing 1958 Conflict

Making Armenians Lebanese: The 1957 Election and the Ensuing 1958 Conflict

Chapter:
(p.167) 4 Making Armenians Lebanese: The 1957 Election and the Ensuing 1958 Conflict
Source:
Armenians Beyond Diaspora
Author(s):

Tsolin Nalbantian

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474458566.003.0005

Chapter 4 investigates Armenians’ stance in the 1957 elections and in the ‘general’ Lebanese and the intra-Armenian mini-civil war of 1958. Armenian parties participated in, and contributed to, political tensions in Lebanon. Simultaneously, they used their position in the Lebanese political system to jostle for power within their own community – a development that turned violent and ended only in December 1958, almost two months after the Lebanese mini-civil war had ended. This tension and violent confrontation between Armenian parties and their armed men had a crucial spatial effect: it unprecedentedly territorialized certain neighborhoods of Beirut. Whereas parts of Lebanon were organized by sects and classes, by relative contrast, it was according to political party affiliation that in 1957/1958 many Armenians of Mar Mikael, Sin el Fil, Bourj Hamoud, and Corniche el-Nahr were re-sorted and relocated, often by force. Lebanese Armenians aligned along the right-left fault lines that divided Lebanese politics and society— more than other confessions, indeed. Vice versa, the Lebanese state was Armenianized, as it were, in that it started to pay more attention to Armenian matters than before, intervening directly and by military force in Armenian neighborhoods in order to finally end the internecine Armenian confrontation.

Keywords:   1957 Parliamentary Elections, 1958 Lebanese Conflict, Armenians, Mar Mikael, Sin el-Fil, Bourj Hamoud, Corniche el-Nahr, Beirut, Lebanon, Camille Chamoun, Intra-communal Conflict

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