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The Architecture of Scotland, 1660-1750$
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Louisa Humm, John Lowrey, and Aonghus MacKechnie

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474455268

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2022

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474455268.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

The Roof Structure of George Heriot’s Hospital Chapel and Roof Design in Scotland During the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

The Roof Structure of George Heriot’s Hospital Chapel and Roof Design in Scotland During the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

Chapter:
(p.156) 8 The Roof Structure of George Heriot’s Hospital Chapel and Roof Design in Scotland During the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Source:
The Architecture of Scotland, 1660-1750
Author(s):

Anna Serafini

Cristina González-Longo

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474455268.003.0009

The great developments in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century architecture in Scotland corresponded to a gradual development of roof construction techniques and structural arrangements: the challenge was to pass from large spans covered by open purlin structures, to large spans covered by shallower roofs carrying heavy plaster ceilings. Whilst the few remaining Scottish open purlin roofs have been widely investigated, little research has been carried out on the roof structures hidden behind timber and plaster ceilings, whichare the vast majority in Scotland in that period. This chapter investigates the timber roof structure of George Heriot Hospital’s Chapel in Edinburgh, a seventeenth-century common rafter roof with later alterations, and compares it with earlier and later examples, such as Parliament Hall and Tron Kirk by John Scott, in order to discuss the development of Scottish roof structures during the period. It looks at the different constructional arrangements, the design process and the influence of the timber trade with North-East Europe.

Keywords:   Common Rafter, Roof Construction, Roof Structures, George Heriot’s Hospital, Timber Trade, John Scott, Paliament Hall, Tron Kirk

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