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EnsemblanceThe Transnational Genealogy of Esprit de Corps$
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Luis de Miranda

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474454193

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474454193.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 03 July 2022

The Way of Napoleon: The Uniformisation of Esprit de Corps in Early Nineteenth-Century France

The Way of Napoleon: The Uniformisation of Esprit de Corps in Early Nineteenth-Century France

Chapter:
(p.112) 4 The Way of Napoleon: The Uniformisation of Esprit de Corps in Early Nineteenth-Century France
Source:
Ensemblance
Author(s):

Luis de Miranda

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474454193.003.0005

After 1800, esprit de corps was often nationally manufactured, and Napoleon was its first engineer. French society became a reflection of the military. This chapter shows how the Bonapartists succeeded in building a national system of rewards and interdependent privileged corps in which ‘esprit de corps’ was encouraged according to a military model of general agonism. The transformation of the organisation of labour, of the army, and of education after the French Revolution is narrated. This chapter is essential to understand not only today’s France, but also most nation-states, functioning more or less under a similar model. The author also analyses the decline of labour communities and their form of belonging since the eighteenth century. The Revolutiondiscredited the esprit de corporation, and capitalist merchants were often thankful for the republican defence of more competitive and less-regulated entrepreneurship.

Keywords:   Esprit de corps, Napoleon, military, social-engineering, imperialism

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