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Migration and Border-MakingReshaping Policies and Identities$
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Robert Sata, Jochen Roose, and Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474453486

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474453486.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

The North Amazon Border: Haitian Flow to Brazil and New Policies

The North Amazon Border: Haitian Flow to Brazil and New Policies

(p.164) 7 The North Amazon Border: Haitian Flow to Brazil and New Policies
Migration and Border-Making

Tânia Tonhati

Leonardo Cavalcanti

Edinburgh University Press

The chapter argues that to understand contemporary borders, there is a need to go beyond the geographical and physical ‘fences’, checkpoints and office counters. Based on a case study of the recent migration flow of Haitians to Brazil, from 2010 to 2015, the chapter explores how the North Amazon border, long forgotten by the Brazilian government, has become a place of migration, negotiation, resilience and political attention. Haitians moved from being a few dozen immigrants to Brazil in 2010 to become the main immigrant group in the formal labour market in the country in 2013, overtaking the classic migration flows to Brazil, such as the Portuguese. This resulted in a search of the Brazilian government for new policies and strategies to ‘control’ and ‘regulate’ this flow and the border. In conclusion, the unexpected migration of Haitians to Brazil set the country into global mobility and enlarged the complexity of Brazil’s migration history.

Keywords:   Brazil, Haiti, Migration flows, Border policies, North Amazon, Global mobility, Migration regulation

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