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Armenia and AzerbaijanAnatomy of a Rivalry$
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Laurence Broers

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781474450522

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474450522.001.0001

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Regime Politics and Rivalry

Regime Politics and Rivalry

(p.152) 5 Regime Politics and Rivalry
Armenia and Azerbaijan

Laurence Broers

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter examines the much-debated question of conflict and democratization. It argues that over its first quarter-century the Armenian-Azerbaijani rivalry was sustained by the interactions of two hybrid regimes, in which authoritarian leaders were secure enough to secure power but not to enforce unpopular compromise. It then examines the roles of informal power structures and the persistent insecurity generated by prolonged militarised competition. It argues that while the causal relationship between regime type and rivalry is complex, over the long-term insecurity has provided important resources to authoritarian regimes ‘demobilizing’ constituencies for reform and democratic change. The chapter acknowledges revolutionary changes in Armenia in 2018, while highlighting the capacity of enduring rivalries to outlast democratic openings and remain stable across mixed-regime dyads.

Keywords:   Armenia, Azerbaijan, Democratisation, Authoritarianism, Hybrid regimes, Informality, Enduring rivalry, Demobilization

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