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Armenia and AzerbaijanAnatomy of a Rivalry$
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Laurence Broers

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781474450522

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474450522.001.0001

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(p.121) 4 Displacements
Armenia and Azerbaijan

Laurence Broers

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter engages with the human consequences of the territorial imaginings examined in the previous chapter: the ethnic cleansing of populations whose presence did not accord with exclusive visions of national space. The chapter provides a broad overview of the population movements that accompanied the violence of 1988-1994, seeking to disaggregate our understanding of ‘population exchange’. The chapter argues for a differentiated understanding of forced displacement, conditioned by different motives and conceptions of space. ‘Communal ethnic cleansing’ is explored as a collective eviction of ethnic others informed by underlying affective dispositions, characterising mass displacements in the 1988-90 period. ‘Strategic ethnic cleansing’ is explored as the forced expulsion of ethnic others in the service of military-strategic goals, characterising mass displacements in the 1991-94 period. The chapter closes by considering the prospects and politics of return and restitution.

Keywords:   Armenia, Azerbaijan, Nagorny Karabakh, Displacement, Ethnic cleansing, Emotions, Affective dispositions, Restitution

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