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Human Rights and Reformist Islam$
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Mohsen Kadivar

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474449304

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449304.001.0001

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Social Security in Islamic Teachings

Social Security in Islamic Teachings

(p.385) 14 Social Security in Islamic Teachings1
Human Rights and Reformist Islam

Mohsen Kadivar

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter discusses the Islamic arguments for “social security as a human right”. It has three sections. The first section ‘The Foundations of Social Security in Islam’ explores five principles: The Principle of Liking One’s Kind, Fairness and Justice, The Abomination of Poverty, The Principle of Goodness (ihsan) and Charity (infaq), and The Principle of Brotherhood in Faith. Section two on ‘Systems Related to Providing Social Security in Shari‘a’ discusses fourteen institutions such as Zakat and Endowments. Section three ‘New Ways of Social Security from an Islamic Perspective’ concludes in this way: Social security is a right of all citizens of an Islamic society regardless of religion, sect, gender, colour, race, etc., which is accorded to the citizen by the society at particular times. Islamic society is bound to providing this right for its citizens to have social security from its specific resources. When a ruling government in an Islamic society submits to Islamic teachings, the management of social security counts as a right and providing it is the responsibility of the government.

Keywords:   Social security, Human rights, Fairness and Justice, Poverty, Zakat, Endowment, Charity (sadaqa), Donation (hiba), Expenditure (infaq), Taxes

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