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Human Rights and Reformist Islam$
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Mohsen Kadivar

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474449304

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449304.001.0001

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Questions and Answers about Human Rights and Reformist Islam

Questions and Answers about Human Rights and Reformist Islam

(p.169) 6 Questions and Answers about Human Rights and Reformist Islam
Human Rights and Reformist Islam

Mohsen Kadivar

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter is a response to questions from the students about the previous chapter on ‘Human Rights and Reformist Islam’. These issues are discussed in this chapter: the comparison of ratified rulings (ahkam imdha’i) and conventions of reasonable people (sira al-‘uqala), human rights: an achievement of contemporary humans, reasons for the lack of explicit expression of the temporary in changeable rulings, two forms of human knowledge about divine religion and human rights, homosexuality and human rights, and finally the rights of Baha’is. Human rights are not related to religion, sect, thought or belief. There is no valid religious argument for the prevention of Baha’is from human rights, citizenship rights, and basic civil rights or considering them as impure (najis). From the author’s perspective, there is no punishment for LGBT sexual orientation on one hand, and no discrimination of LGBT people is accepted in the public domain regarding non-sexual affairs on the other hand. Reformist Islam has not come across sufficient documentation for accepting homosexuality as a particular human right. It believes the only shari‘a premised sexual relationship is defined between a female and male under legal marriage.

Keywords:   Ratified rulings (ahkam imdha’i), Conventions of reasonable people (sira al-‘uqala), Changeable Islamic rulings, Islam and human rights, Homosexuality, LGBT people, Baha’is

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