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Human Rights and Reformist Islam$
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Mohsen Kadivar

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474449304

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449304.001.0001

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From Traditional Islam to End-oriented Islam

From Traditional Islam to End-oriented Islam

(p.11) 1 From Traditional Islam to End-oriented Islam1
Human Rights and Reformist Islam

Mohsen Kadivar

Edinburgh University Press

There are three approaches to the discussion of the compatibility of Islam (or more precisely shari‘a and fiqh) with modernity among Shi‘ite Muslim thinkers in the past century and a half. Although the ‘Constant and Variable Perspective’ in its different expositions by Na’ini, Tabataba’i and Muhammad Baqir Sadr, is the most famous perspective of the compatibility of Islam and modernity, it has four serious problems. Ayatollah Khomeini’s Perspective of ‘Governmental or Expedient Fiqh’, which is the official policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran, aside from its flexibility, encounters four problems too. The perspective of ‘End-Oriented Islam’ is the third approach that the author argues has four advantages. It has the capacity to give a new interpretation of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) in the modern world based on the spirit of Islam and the goals of the Qur’an, the Sunna (Tradition) of the Prophet. He finds the ‘End-Oriented Islam’ as a perfect perspective for the modern world.

Keywords:   Traditional Islam, End-oriented Islam, Constant and Variable, Governmental/ Expedient Fiqh, Khomeini, Na’ini, Tabataba’i, Muhammad Baqir Sadr

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