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Philosophy, Rights and Natural LawEssays in Honour of Knud Haakonssen$
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Ian Hunter and Richard Whatmore

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781474449229

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449229.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Natural Law and Natural Rights in Early Enlightenment Copenhagen

Natural Law and Natural Rights in Early Enlightenment Copenhagen

Chapter:
(p.94) 4 Natural Law and Natural Rights in Early Enlightenment Copenhagen
Source:
Philosophy, Rights and Natural Law
Author(s):

Mads Langballe Jensen

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449229.003.0005

This chapter discusses the earliest teaching of post-grotian natural law by Henrik Weghorst and Christian Reitzer in Copenhagen in the decades around 1700. This teaching has often been presented as merely derivative of the ideas of Hugo Grotius or Samuel Pufendorf. In contrast, this chapter argues that Weghorst and Reitzer developed two very different, and antagonistic, forms of natural law, reflecting academic teaching in Kiel and in Halle. However, it also shows how Weghorst and Reitzer illustrate the common ground of much Lutheran natural law theorising in the later seventeenth and early eighteenth century. Thus, for all their differences, both gave primacy to natural law and focused on duties, rather than rights, as constitutive of social and political life.

Keywords:   Natural law, Natural right, Copenhagen, Denmark, Christian Reitzer, Henrik Weghorst, Christian Thomasius, Samuel Pufendorf

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