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The Interaction of Borrowing and Word Formation$
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Pius ten Hacken and Renáta Panocová

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474448208

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474448208.001.0001

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The Suffixes -ismus and -ita in Nouns in Czech

The Suffixes -ismus and -ita in Nouns in Czech

(p.162) 9 The Suffixes -ismus and -ita in Nouns in Czech
The Interaction of Borrowing and Word Formation

Magda Ševčˇíková

, Pius ten Hacken, Renáta Panocová, Pius ten Hacken, Renáta Panocová
Edinburgh University Press

This chapter documents the interplay between borrowing and word formation on the example of the suffixes -ismus and -ita, which are listed among the most common suffixes in loan nouns in Czech. The suffixes are both used to form abstract nouns but differ in many aspects. The suffix -ismus combines with bases that form larger derivational families than those of -ita but still most nouns in -ita share their root with several other derivatives, too. By analysing selected derivatives and their mutual relations across a large amount of derivational families, the study demonstrates that the size and inner structure of derivational families can provide significant knowledge about the meaning of the formations analysed. The meanings of the suffixes are described by patterns which involve the most relevant derivatives with explicitly marked derivational relations. Using the patterns, it is possible to explain semantic nuances that have not been described with loan words in Czech so far.

Keywords:   suffix, loanword, word formation, derivative, pattern, Czech

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