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Modelling World EnglishesA Joint Approach to Postcolonial and Non-Postcolonial Varieties$
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Sarah Buschfeld and Alexander Kautzsch

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474445863

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445863.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

English in Ghana: Extra- and Intra-territorial Forces in a Developmental Perspective

English in Ghana: Extra- and Intra-territorial Forces in a Developmental Perspective

Chapter:
(p.371) Chapter 17 English in Ghana: Extra- and Intra-territorial Forces in a Developmental Perspective
Source:
Modelling World Englishes
Author(s):

Thorsten Brato

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445863.003.0017

The chapter discusses the evolution of English in Ghana and its current sociolinguistic manifestations against the Extra- and Intra-territorial Model. On the intra-territorial side, educational and language policies as well as sociodemographic realities play a major role, which together with the colonial history as the major extra-territorial force, have shaped Ghanaian English throughout its history. In the absence of a sizable settler strand, the paper stresses the importance of speakers from some of the coastal areas, in which English-medium education was established first, as the ‘founder population’. They provided some covert norms for future generations of English speakers in the country and may even account for some linguistic patterns found today.

Keywords:   EIF Model, sociodemographics, Ghanaian English, language evolution

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