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Modelling World EnglishesA Joint Approach to Postcolonial and Non-Postcolonial Varieties$
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Sarah Buschfeld and Alexander Kautzsch

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474445863

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445863.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 16 September 2021

English in Gibraltar: Applying the EIF Model to English in Non-Postcolonial Overseas Territories

English in Gibraltar: Applying the EIF Model to English in Non-Postcolonial Overseas Territories

Chapter:
(p.347) Chapter 16 English in Gibraltar: Applying the EIF Model to English in Non-Postcolonial Overseas Territories1
Source:
Modelling World Englishes
Author(s):

Cristina Suárez-Gómez

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445863.003.0016

The variety of English spoken in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar shares with postcolonial varieties the fact that a new variety of English emerged from a process of language contact. Although GibE has been tentatively placed in the phase ‘Endonormative Stabilization’ of the Dynamic Model, Weston (2011) notes some theoretical problems in its application, given the still non-postcolonial status of Gibraltar. The integrative approach of the EIF Model may constitute a more comprehensive framework for the analysis of the evolution, current status and linguistic forms of GibE (see Buschfeld and Kautzsch 2017: 105). By assessing the local linguistic realities of the territory, this paper attempts to trace the development of English in Gibraltar and the degree of nativization of GibE. It analyzes (i) the political status of Gibraltar, (ii) the population size, (iii) the sociodemographic background (paying special attention to age) and (iv) the coexistence of different languages.

Keywords:   Gibraltar English, language contact, age, nativization, EIF Model

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