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Modelling World EnglishesA Joint Approach to Postcolonial and Non-Postcolonial Varieties$
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Sarah Buschfeld and Alexander Kautzsch

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474445863

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445863.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

English in Namibia: Multilingualism and Ethnic Variation in the Extra- and Intra-territorial Forces Model

English in Namibia: Multilingualism and Ethnic Variation in the Extra- and Intra-territorial Forces Model

Chapter:
(p.38) Chapter 3 English in Namibia: Multilingualism and Ethnic Variation in the Extra- and Intra-territorial Forces Model
Source:
(p.iii) Modelling World Englishes
Author(s):

Anne Schröder

Frederic Zähres

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445863.003.0003

This chapter presents a close analysis of the Namibian linguistic ecology and the role of Namibian English (NamE) in the multilingual make-up of the country. This includes the discussion of the status of English in comparison to Afrikaans, the country’s primary lingua franca, and to minority languages, such as German, as well as majority languages, such as Oshiwambo. Taking up and elaborating on observations on Namibian-specific phonetic realizations of vowels, identifying linguistic identity constructions, ethnolinguistic variation and discussing in detail the (historical) relationship between South Africa (as an epicentre) and Namibia, it shows that NamE cannot be seen as a monolithic whole but should rather be considered a bundle of local sub-varieties. The chapter further discusses the applicability of the EIF Model to the Namibian case and makes some suggestions on how to include additional extra-territorial forces, discussions of heterogeneity, norm development as well as a different approach to developmental stages in model making.

Keywords:   Namibian English, epicentre, ethnolinguistic variation, EIF Model, South Africa, Namibia, multilingualism, linguistic heterogeneity, identity constructions, norm development

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