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Evolution Before DarwinTheories of the Transmutation of Species in Edinburgh, 1804–1834$
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Bill Jenkins

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781474445788

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445788.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 25 July 2021

Edinburgh and Paris

Edinburgh and Paris

(p.107) 5 Edinburgh and Paris
Evolution Before Darwin

Bill Jenkins

Edinburgh University Press

Paris was the most important centre for evolutionary speculations in Europe in the early nineteenth century. Two of its most influential evolutionary thinkers, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire both worked there in the city’s Museum of Natural History. This chapter explores the impact of these French thinkers’ theories in Edinburgh and the close connections that existed between natural history circles in the two cities. It was common for students and graduates of the medical school of the University of Edinburgh to spend time studying in Paris, where they imbibed many of the exciting new ideas being discussed there. Two of the key figures discussed in this book, Robert Grant and Robert Knox, had both spent time in Paris and were deeply influenced by the theories they encountered there. The chapter also examines the impact of the key writings of Lamarck and Geoffroy in Edinburgh.

Keywords:   Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Robert Grant, Robert Knox, Paris, Transformism

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