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The Politics of Armenian Migration to North America, 1885-1915Sojourners, Smugglers and Dubious Citizens$
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David Gutman

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781474445245

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445245.001.0001

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(p.44) 2 Smugglers
The Politics of Armenian Migration to North America, 1885-1915

David Gutman

Edinburgh University Press

This Chapter explores the emergence of dense networks of migrant smuggling in response to the efforts of the Ottoman state to enforce the ban on Armenian migration to North America. It shows how these networks formed very shortly after the imposition of the ban, and until the lifting of the ban in 1908, assisting the travel of thousands of Armenian migrants from their home communities in the Anatolian interior to various port cities on the Black and Mediterranean Sea coasts and on to steamships bound for European transit ports. It also provides insight into the diverse set of actors that comprised these networks and coordinated them across vast stretches of time and space. The Chapter also draws parallels between the dynamics that drove clandestine migration in the late Ottoman period with those that drive the same phenomenon in the present.

Keywords:   Migrant smuggling, port cities, clandestine migration, migration ban

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