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A History of Scottish Child Protection Law$
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Kenneth McK. Norrie

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474444170

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444170.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Emigration of Children

Emigration of Children

Chapter:
(p.312) 11. Emigration of Children
Source:
A History of Scottish Child Protection Law
Author(s):

Kenneth McK. Norrie

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444170.003.0012

This chapter explores the shameful history of voluntary organisations and indeed the state exporting the problem of child protection by emigrating vulnerable children to the colonies. Many believed this would give the children a fresh start in a new life, but the lack of any regulatory mechanisms to prevent these children from being abused and exploited counters any good intent, for abuse and exploitation proved to be ubiquitous. The political objectives seldom had the interests of individual children in mind, and were more concerned first with removing a problem from Scotland, and latterly with building white stock in underpopulated parts of the British Empire. The chapter attempts to identify the – very shakey – legal foundations of the practice in the 19th century, including parental consent and actings in loco parentis, before analysing the various statutory provisions from 1891 onwards that gave it some (legal) legitimacy. Statutory authority was removed only in 1997

Keywords:   Forced emigration, Voluntary organisations, Local authorities, Parental consent, Actings in loco parentis

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