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A History of Scottish Child Protection Law$
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Kenneth McK. Norrie

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474444170

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444170.001.0001

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Boarding-out and Fostering by Public Authorities

Boarding-out and Fostering by Public Authorities

Chapter:
(p.195) 7. Boarding-out and Fostering by Public Authorities
Source:
A History of Scottish Child Protection Law
Author(s):

Kenneth McK. Norrie

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444170.003.0008

The boarding out of needy children traces its origins in Scotland to 16th century Poor Law legislation and the practice was followed, often without statutory authority, by the Poor Law authorities until the Poor Law was replaced by “national assistance” in 1948. The early child protection statutes had allowed a child to be committed to the care of a “fit person”, which was later specified to include charitable organisations and, after 1932, local authorities. Children tended to be placed in rural areas far from their families, and ran the risk of being treated as unpaid labour in farms and crofts. The early regulatory control is examined in this chapter, as are the various official reports on and policy concerns about boarding out throughout the 20th century, in particular the 1946 Clyde Report. Then the increasing regulation of how foster carers are vetted and overseen by local authorities, from the 1980s on, is dealt with, through the creation of fostering panels and fostering agreements. Finally, the 21st century emphasis on kinship care is explored.

Keywords:   Poor law, Boarding out, Fit person orders, 1946 Clyde Report, Fostering, Foster Panels, Fostering agreements, Kinship care

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