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A History of Scottish Child Protection Law$
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Kenneth McK. Norrie

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474444170

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474444170.001.0001

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The Statutory Framework before 1968

The Statutory Framework before 1968

(p.7) 1. The Statutory Framework before 1968
A History of Scottish Child Protection Law

Kenneth McK. Norrie

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter traces the evolving legislative framework of child protection processes, from the poor law and through the early regulation of reformatory and industrial schools, to the late 19th century statutes which for the first time focused on child protection. It examines in detail the aims of the Children Act 1908 through juvenile courts, its restructuring in 1932 and its consolidation by the Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act 1937, before exploring the post-war shift from charitable to state activity, notably with the Children Act 1948 which made child protection a central aim of local authorities with the establishment of children’s committee and children’s officers. Also explored is the beginnings of the shift from insulating vulnerable children from their families to the involvement of their families in planning for the future. Early international conventions are described.

Keywords:   Poor law, Reformatory schools, Industrial schools, Juvenile courts, Children’s Committees, Children’s Officers, Duties to vulnerable children, League of Nations Declaration of the Rights of the Child, UN Declaration of the Rights of the Child

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