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Roman Law before the Twelve TablesAn Interdisciplinary Approach$
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Sinclair W. Bell and Paul J. du Plessis

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474443968

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474443968.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Roman Law in its Italic Context

Roman Law in its Italic Context

(p.9) Chapter 1 Roman Law in its Italic Context
Roman Law before the Twelve Tables

James Clackson

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter considers what can be learnt about the origins of Roman law by the examination of texts from the Italian peninsula in languages other than Latin. Through a survey of all the attested legal documents with an Italian provenance (i.e. those written in a language of the Sabellian family, in Etruscan and in other languages including Messapic) the chapter traces commonalities and differences in the language of laws, in the format of their presentation, and in the media on which they are inscribed. Although there is shown to be no single ‘origin’ of Roman law, the chapter shows that the influence of Greek law and Greek traditions of writing law have a continual influence across all the different Italian traditions.

Keywords:   Roman Law, Italic languages, Epigraphy, Etruscan, Language contact

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