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Modern Hadith StudiesContinuing Debates and New Approaches$
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Belal Abu-Alabbas, Christopher Melchert, and Michael Dann

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474441797

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.001.0001

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Hadith Criticism in the Levant in the Twentieth Century: From ẓāhir al-isnād to ʿilal al-ḥadīth

Hadith Criticism in the Levant in the Twentieth Century: From ẓāhir al-isnād to ʿilal al-ḥadīth

Chapter:
(p.151) Chapter 7 Hadith Criticism in the Levant in the Twentieth Century: From ẓāhir al-isnād to ʿilal al-ḥadīth
Source:
Modern Hadith Studies
Author(s):

Ahmad Snober

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0008

Ahmad Snober identifies two approaches that have dominated recent hadith scholarship in the Levant. The first, identified especially with the Salafi Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī (d. 1999), concentrates on ẓāhir al-isnād, especially the reputation for reliability of individual transmitters. In recent decades, other Syrian and Lebanese scholars, led by Ḥamzah al-Mallībārī, have developed a more supple approach to hadith criticism, stressing qarāʾin, comparison of individual hadith reports, and ʿilal, subtle defects of individual reports. Unlike earlier approaches, it does not rely on late-medieval syntheses and simplistic characterizations of individual traditionists. It has increasingly prevailed among Syrian, Lebanese, and Jordanian scholars.

Keywords:   hadith, Salafism, al-Albānī, Ḥamzah al-Mallībārī, ẓāhir al-isnād, qarāʾin

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