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Imperial Visions of Late ByzantiumManuel II Palaiologos and Rhetoric in Purple$

Florin Leonte

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781474441032

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441032.001.0001

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(p.284) Appendix 2 The Contents and Structure of Manuel II’s Foundations

(p.284) Appendix 2 The Contents and Structure of Manuel II’s Foundations

Source:
Imperial Visions of Late Byzantium
Author(s):

Florin Leonte

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press

Chapter

Topic

Theoretical-philosophical

1.

On different kinds of life

2.

On the best kind of life

3.

On common human nature

4.

On the best time to choose a way of life

5.

On the happiness of the subjects which depends on the ruler’s action

6.

On opportunities at the right time

Spiritual: God and church

7.

On the service due to God

8.

On the service due to God

9.

On the service due to God

10.

On love for God

11.

On submission to the church

12.

On defending the church

13.

On support from God

Moral advice

14.

On good versus evil

15.

On the necessity of displaying a pleasant behaviour

On individuals

16.

On friendship

17.

On good counsellors

(p.285) 18.

On the necessity of being surrounded by friends

19.

Individuals depend on communities

20.

Trusting the good, distrusting the knavish

21.

On real friendship

On actions

22.

On truth and honesty

23.

On envy, treachery and dishonesty

24.

On the right measure and avoiding excess

25.

On the voluntariness of good and evil actions

26.

On evil actions

27.

On good actions

28.

On how to avoid perverted people

29.

Connection between the voluntariness of actions and human nature

30.

On responsibility for decisions and actions

31.

On choosing the right course of action

32.

On learning the right course of action from other people’s experience

33.

On the ideal individual (ἄ‎ριστος‎ ἀ‎νήρ‎)

34.

On the rational differences between beneficial and damaging actions

35.

On reason and irrationality

36.

On reason

37.

On the natural human movement towards the good

On rulers’ appropriate life and behaviour

38.

On how to react to calumnies

39.

On maintaining contact with appropriate individuals

40.

Once one has knowledge of good and evil, one has to stay with the good

41.

Examination of daily activities

42.

On the ruler as imitator of God

43.

The metaphor of the state as body: the ruler as head of state

44.

On habit (ἕ‎ξις‎)

45.

On habit (ἕ‎ξις‎)

46.

On habit (ἕ‎ξις‎)

(p.286) 47.

That the ruler is similar to all individuals

48.

On freedom and buying glory

49.

On pleasure

50.

On sins

51.

The emperor-legislator

52.

On the emperor’s approach to different kinds of individuals

53.

On temperance in the use of force

54.

On fitting one’s desire to realities

55.

On the misfortunes of life

56.

On peace and good relations with other Christian peoples

57.

On cautiousness in a ruler’s action

58.

On cautiousness in a ruler’s action

59.

On cautiousness in a ruler’s action

60.

On the ruler’s mildness

61.

On the ruler’s politeness

62.

On the vanity of life

63.

On changes in life

64.

On the passing of time

65.

On the passing of time

66.

On fate and faith

67.

On actions beneficial to others

68.

On the deliberate course of action

69.

On the sufferings of Job

70.

That an individual must be judged according to his character (τρόποι‎) and not according to his fate (τύχη‎)

71.

On how to avoid wickedness

72.

That the emperor has to surround himself with good individuals

73.

On the four cardinal imperial virtues

74.

On indifference as a cause of evil

75.

On the importance of a ruler’s education

76.

On the ruler’s care for his subjects

77.

On how to avoid dissimulation (ε‎ἰ‎ρωνεία‎) and false pretensions (ἀ‎λαζονεία‎)

(p.287) 78.

On the use of rationality in making decisions

79.

On the necessity of keeping the mind focused

80.

On relaxation after periods of intense activity

81.

On honesty and hypocrisy

82.

On assuming a pleasant behaviour towards others

83.

On avoiding quarrels (ἔ‎ρις‎)

84.

On listening to the counsels of friends

85.

On the emperor as model for his subjects

86.

On the supreme good and the use of knowledge

87.

On the emperor’s necessity of fighting in battle until the end

88.

On the emperor’s military qualities and on his ancestors

89.

On military strategies

90.

On how to deal with enemies

91.

On using experience in order to predict future disasters

92.

On knowing the right moment to speak

93.

On thinking and speaking in an appropriate manner

Concluding remarks

94.

On wisdom

95.

On foreseeing the future based on the present

96.

On the fact that acting appropriately is the act of a wise individual

97.

That the outcome of one’s actions depends mostly on one’s decisions

98.

On life as a gift from God

99.

That humans are both matter and spirit

100.

On relying on spiritual wisdom