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Arabs in the Early Islamic EmpireExploring al-Azd Tribal Identity$
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Brian Ulrich

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781474436793

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474436793.001.0001

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The Azd and the Early Islamic State

The Azd and the Early Islamic State

(p.68) 2 The Azd and the Early Islamic State
Arabs in the Early Islamic Empire

Brian Ulrich

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter argues that the degree of centralization within the Islamic conquests differed between east and west, with the western conquests being more of an independent tribal movement which the early caliphs gradually came to co-opt. Similarly, early Islamic Basra was most likely an existing Arab settlement before it became a garrison town (misr). The chapter then discusses the al-Azd in Rashidun and Umayyad Syria, Basra, and Kufa, as well as garrison towns’ (amsar) division into tribal administrative units. The role of al-Azd in key events such as the Battle of the Camel and Second Fitna is discussed, as is the role of tribal leadership in Basra and Kufa. This chapter also contains a significant discussion of the events surrounding the death of Masud b. Amr in Basra.

Keywords:   al-Azd, Islamic conquests, Basra, Kufa, Garrison towns, amsar, Rashidun, Umayyad

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