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The Press in the Middle East and North Africa, 1850-1950Politics, Social History and Culture$
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Anthony Gorman and Didier Monciaud

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781474430616

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474430616.001.0001

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The Anarchist Press in Egypt before World War I

The Anarchist Press in Egypt before World War I

(p.237) 8 The Anarchist Press in Egypt before World War I
The Press in the Middle East and North Africa, 1850-1950

Anthony Gorman

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter traces the development of the radical secular press in Egypt from its first brief emergence in the 1870s until the outbreak of World War I. First active in the 1860s, the anarchist movement gradually expanded its membership and influence over subsequent decades to articulate a general social emancipation and syndicalism for all workers in the country. In the decade and a half before 1914, its press collectively propagated a critique of state power and capitalism, called for social justice and the organisation of labour, and promoted the values of science and public education in both a local context and as part of an international movement. In seeking to promote a programme at odds with both nationalism and colonial rule, it incurred the hostility of the authorities in addition to facing the practical problems of managing and financing an oppositional newspaper.

Keywords:   anarchism, anarchists, Italians, Egypt, workers, press

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