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The Foreign Policy of Islamist Political PartiesIdeology in Practice$
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Mohamed-Ali Adraoui

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781474426640

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474426640.001.0001

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A Fighting Shiism Faces the World: The Foreign Policy of Hezbollah

A Fighting Shiism Faces the World: The Foreign Policy of Hezbollah

(p.127) 6 A Fighting Shiism Faces the World: The Foreign Policy of Hezbollah*
The Foreign Policy of Islamist Political Parties

Aurélie Daher

Edinburgh University Press

Close to thirty years after Hezbollah’s birth, the study of its foreign policy has in the main constituted a subordinate subject to the study of Western foreign policies, which has been content to view it as subcontracting on behalf of more important regional actors. Hezbollah’s interaction with the world, thus limited to a series of anti- Western and anti-Israeli terrorist initiatives carried out on the orders of the Syrian and/or Iranian regimes, becomes a favored way for getting at the real nature of the organization, so that Hezbollah sees itself summed up as an essentially violent organization whose field of action is by nature extra- national. Indisputably, Hezbollah’s foreign policy reflects a series of elements that reveal the organization’s true identity; however, it is really nothing more than an evolving strategy hinging on other means of action, in the service of an order of priorities that are definitely Lebanese-centered: For Hezbollah, as for quite a few other political actors, its foreign policy is above all a domestic policy. In order to understand the latter’s relationship to the world and its strategic choices in that regard, it is necessary first of all to discard certain received ideas, and then to return to the reasons that brought the party into being and refocus on the principal goals it makes its own.

Keywords:   Lebanon, Iran, Syrian Conflict, Hasan Nasrallah, Chiism and Politics

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