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The Edinburgh History of the British and Irish Press, Volume 3Competition and Disruption, 1900-2017$
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Martin Conboy and Adrian Bingham

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781474424929

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474424929.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 30 November 2021

Transatlantic Exchanges

Transatlantic Exchanges

(p.155) Chapter Six Transatlantic Exchanges
The Edinburgh History of the British and Irish Press, Volume 3

Mark Hampton

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter will treat transatlantic journalism as a product of multi-directional borrowing (even if not always symmetrical), within the context of a wider ‘Anglo-world’ that was marked by migrations and tours, as well as within a multi-media environment. Rather than an “Americanized” British press, what emerges is a shared journalistic culture that retains important pockets of difference. The chapter will begin by tracing the transatlantic emergence of a mass circulation press, and the bifurcation of journalistic styles along lines of status. Beginning with the emergence of Britain’s ‘new journalism’ in the 1880s, it will show that while certain popular forms (interviews, informal tone, brevity) made their way from the United States to London, others, such as crusades and the demotic voice, had significant British roots. Furthermore, transformations associated with the new journalism quickly made their way to Ireland, where they blended with nationalist politics. American elite political journalism in this era was often explicitly influenced by British models e.g. the New Republic (1914) and various suffrage periodicals. Conversely, British journalistic norms never embraced the American concept of ‘objectivity’, continuing deep into the twentieth century to emphasize an idea of ‘independence’ that was fully compatible with partisanship.

Keywords:   Transatlantic, Anglo-world, International news agencies, New journalism, Objectivity, Partisanship

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