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Politics and Policy in China's Social Assistance ReformProviding for the Poor?$
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Daniel R. Hammond

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781474420112

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420112.001.0001

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Urban Dibao: Emergence and Transition to National Policy, 1992–1999

Urban Dibao: Emergence and Transition to National Policy, 1992–1999

(p.46) Chapter 2 Urban Dibao: Emergence and Transition to National Policy, 1992–1999
Politics and Policy in China's Social Assistance Reform

Daniel R. Hammond

Edinburgh University Press

The chapter covers two analytical discussions. The first discusses the emergence and spread of the MLG from the early 1990s. Through analysis of the relationship between the Ministry of Civil Affairs, in particular Minister Duoji Cairang, and local government it will show how two aspects of fragmented authoritarianism in particular, values and political structure, shaped the spread of the policy. This is followed by an analysis of the campaign to achieve national implementation in 1999. This shows how a ministry lacking in resources achieved implementation, addressing one of the criticisms of the fragmented authoritarianism model raised by Michel Oksenberg. It will argue that while the MCA made extensive efforts to achieve implementation without expending resources these appear to have had little impact. Rather successful implementation was achieved through the intervention of the highest tiers of the state and subsidies. This shows that appealing to shared values under fragmented authoritarianism has limitations and these can be overcome, eventually, through use of political structure, decision making authority, and the allocation of resources.

Keywords:   Minimum Livelihood Guarantee, Dibao, Duoji Cairang, Values, Political Structure, Urban, Poverty

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