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Politics and Policy in China's Social Assistance ReformProviding for the Poor?$
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Daniel R. Hammond

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781474420112

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420112.001.0001

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Historical Background to Dibao and the Question of Poverty in China

Historical Background to Dibao and the Question of Poverty in China

(p.21) Chapter 1 Historical Background to Dibao and the Question of Poverty in China
(p.iii) Politics and Policy in China’s Social Assistance Reform

Daniel R. Hammond

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter will provide readers with the historical background to developments in Chinese social assistance. The chapter starts by providing some context for the changes which occurred after 1992 by discussing provision of social assistance in China from the dynastic period through to the reforms of the 1980s. It is then followed by sections which discuss in detail developments which occurred throughout the emergence, development and implementation of the minimum livelihood guarantee programme. These sections are broken down into the following periods: 1992-93, 1994-97, 1997-99, 2000-02, 2003-07, 2007-08, and 2009-14. The chapter will provide readers with the background context for the discussions of particular developments in the chapters which follow.

Keywords:   Dibao, Minimum livelihood guarantee, Poverty, China, Social Assistance

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