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The Problem of Religious DiversityEuropean Challenges, Asian Approaches$
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Anna Triandafyllidou and Tariq Modood

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781474419086

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474419086.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 31 May 2020

The Governance of Religious Diversity in Malaysia: Islam in a Secular State or Secularism in an Islamic State?

The Governance of Religious Diversity in Malaysia: Islam in a Secular State or Secularism in an Islamic State?

Chapter:
(p.169) 8 The Governance of Religious Diversity in Malaysia: Islam in a Secular State or Secularism in an Islamic State?
Source:
The Problem of Religious Diversity
Author(s):

Ahmad Fauzi Abdul Hamid

Zawawi Ibrahim

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474419086.003.0008

The end of World War II in 1945 heralded a bipolar world order in which the United States of America (USA)-led Western and Soviet Union-led Eastern blocs became competing pivots for global political and economic power. Notwithstanding their ideological division, which had global ramifications as both blocs endeavoured to expand their spheres of influence directly or indirectly, they were epistemologically united in the belief that the progress of modern civilisation, as palpably manifested in scientific and technological advancements that exponentially raised humans’ standard of living, would be accompanied by a de-emphasis of religion in the formal decision making of the upper echelons of the power structure. Secularisation – the term most commonly used to explain such a phenomenon – was considered to be an essential component of the modernisation ethos, if not all the more desirable as a catalyst for development. The magnitude of such peripheralisation of religion differed across the West, but has been most pronounced in Europe for the past forty years or so.

Keywords:   Malaysia, Islam, Secular, Secularism, Islamic State

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