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The Archaeology of Greece and RomeStudies in Honour of Anthony Snodgrass$
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John Bintliff and N. Keith Rutter

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474417099

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417099.001.0001

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Archaeology and the Archaeology of the Greek Language: On the Origin of the Greek Nouns in-εύς‎

Archaeology and the Archaeology of the Greek Language: On the Origin of the Greek Nouns in-εύς‎

Chapter:
(p.22) 2 Archaeology and the Archaeology of the Greek Language: On the Origin of the Greek Nouns in-εύς‎
Source:
The Archaeology of Greece and Rome
Author(s):

Torsten Meissner

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474417099.003.0002

One of the most striking features of the ancient Greek lexicon is that numerous nouns in -εύς‎ are attested both in personal names such as Ἀχιλλεύς‎ or Ὀδυσσεύς‎ and in common nouns like βασιλεύς‎ ‘king’, ἱερεύς‎ ‘priest’; the latter type denotes, in historical times, mostly humans in professional or habitual roles, and the nouns in -εύς‎ are thus commonly classed as agent nouns. Attested from, as we now know, the Mycenaean period onwards, the history and prehistory of the formations in -εύς‎ have occupied scholars’ minds ever since the inception of the systematic study of the history of the Greek language in the nineteenth century, and it can be said without exaggeration that the nouns in -εύς‎ were and still are the cause célèbre of Greek word formation.

Keywords:   Greek, nouns, names

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