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The World of Image in Islamic PhilosophyIbn Sina, Suhrawardi, Shahrazuri and Beyond$
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L. W. C. van Lit

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781474415859

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415859.001.0001

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Suhrawardī’s Lukewarm Commentators

Suhrawardī’s Lukewarm Commentators

(p.113) 5 Suhrawardī’s Lukewarm Commentators
The World of Image in Islamic Philosophy

L. W. C. van Lit

Edinburgh University Press

The corpus of Suhrawardī inspired dozens of commentaries, written all over the Islamic world, as early as half a century after him until as late as only half a century ago. Scholars have interpreted this to mean there is a ‘school of illumination’, made up of enthusiastic followers of Suhrawardī’s ideas. This chapter shows this is not the case, with regard to the notion of suspended images and the world of image. The first 150 years after Suhrawardī marks the first wave of reception. In this period, many thinkers mentioned Suhrawardī’s ideas without committing to it. The period closes with an anonymous epistle that offers many points of critique on Suhrawardī. The second period consists of thinkers associated with Shiraz around the turn of the 16th century. All of them bring forth criticism and in the end do not accept Suhrawardī’s thinking as their own position. The chapter closes with the way Mullā Ṣadrā, a thinker from the 17th century who was foundational for modern Shi’ism, uses Suhrawardī’s ideas in an entirely novel way.

Keywords:   Quṭb al-Dīn Shīrāzī, Mullā Ṣadrā, Najm al-Dīn Nayrīzī, Abharī, Ghiyāth al-Dīn Dashtakī, Commentary writing

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