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The World of Image in Islamic PhilosophyIbn Sina, Suhrawardi, Shahrazuri and Beyond$
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L. W. C. van Lit

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781474415859

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474415859.001.0001

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From Ibn Sīnā to Suhrawardī: The Contested Idea of Using Imagination after Death

From Ibn Sīnā to Suhrawardī: The Contested Idea of Using Imagination after Death

(p.20) 2 From Ibn Sīnā to Suhrawardī: The Contested Idea of Using Imagination after Death
The World of Image in Islamic Philosophy

L. W. C. van Lit

Edinburgh University Press

The chapter knows three sections. First, Ibn Sīnā’s thinking on the role of the imagination in the afterlife is discussed. He works from the paradigm that only philosophers who have fully actualized their intellectual capacities will enjoy what can be called Heaven, that is, will join the intelligible world. To allow for more people to have a somewhat enjoyable experience after death, he allows for the possibility that the imagination is used to imagine the delights and punishments as predicted in in the Koran. In the next section, it is proven that no other Muslim intellectual took a liking to this idea; it was universally repudiated. In the last section, the sole exception is discussed, which is Suhrawardī. In his Partaw-nāme and al-Lamaḥāt, he mentions the idea approvingly. In al-Talwīḥāt he discusses it in-depth, openly adopts it, and continues Ibn Sīnā’s train of thought in several regards.

Keywords:   Avicenna, Imagination, Eschatology, Bodily resurrection, Kalām (Islamic theology)

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