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Roland PenroseThe Life of a Surrealist$
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James King

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474414500

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414500.001.0001

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Grim Glory (1939–1945)

Grim Glory (1939–1945)

(p.152) Chapter Ten Grim Glory (1939–1945)
Roland Penrose

James King

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter details events in Roland Penrose's life from 1939 to 1945. On 1 September 1939, the day Hitler invaded Poland, Roland and Lee drove north to Saint-Malo, where the next day they caught the boat to England. They arrived at Waterloo station on 3 September to hear the first air-raid sirens and see silver-gray barrage balloons in the sky; England had declared war on Germany. The Hitler War put Roland into a deep-seated conflict. For almost a decade he had been actively engaged in combating Nazism in a variety of activities. He may have no longer considered himself a practising Quaker in the fullest meaning of that word, but he had been born such, and he could not simply shrug off that inheritance. The Air Raid Protection Corps provided his first involvement with the war effort.

Keywords:   Roland Penrose, biography, Hitler, Nazism, Quakers, war effort, Air Raid Protection Corps

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