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Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus$
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Lisa Irene Hau

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474411073

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474411073.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Fragmentary Classical Historiography

Fragmentary Classical Historiography

(p.245) 7. Fragmentary Classical Historiography
Moral History from Herodotus to Diodorus Siculus

Lisa Irene Hau

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter analyses the moralising techniques and moral lessons of the Oxyrhynchus Historian, Ephorus of Cyme, and Theopompus of Chios. Using the techniques and lessons discovered and analysed throughout the book so far as a point of departure, it is tentatively concluded that both the Oxyrhynchus Historian and Ephorus seem to have been close to Thucydides and Xenophon in their moralising, but that Theopompus may have been radically innovative. It is therefore suggested that the ‘first moralising historian’ was not Ephorus, as is often claimed, but Herodotus, and that the innovator who made moralising more explicit and created the form seen in Polybius and Diodorus was likewise not Ephorus, but Theopompus.

Keywords:   Oxyrhynchus Historian, Ephorus of Cyme, Theopompus of Chios, Moral didacticism, Moralising, Innovation, Divine justice

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