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Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought$
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Richard Seaford

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474410991

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474410991.001.0001

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Plato and yoga

Plato and yoga

(p.87) 6 Plato and yoga
Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought

John Bussanich

Edinburgh University Press

Plato, classical Vedanta, Yoga and early Buddhism all promote - on the basis of homologies between cosmos and inner self - cognitive and affective practices that remove external accretions to the self and the delusion and suffering they bring, thereby seeking to achieve transcendent wisdom and liberation from the cycle of births and deaths. There is evidence in the Platonic dialogues for analogies to South Asian meditative praxis. This raises the question of whether the highest states of knowledge in Plato are conceptual, or whether there is anything in Plato corresponding to the interdependence, in South Asian yoga, of intellectual insight and non-cognitive 'cessative' meditations.

Keywords:   Plato, Vedanta, Yoga, Buddhism, Meditation

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