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Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought$
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Richard Seaford

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474410991

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474410991.001.0001

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Ātman and its transition to worldly existence

Ātman and its transition to worldly existence

(p.55) 4 Ātman and its transition to worldly existence
Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought

Greg Bailey

Edinburgh University Press

The central concept of atman was acknowledged to be 'ungraspable and unthinkable'. This problem is related to the contrast between the ontological completeness of atman and the ontological incompleteness of the physical world of the senses and mind. In order to understand the entrance of atman into the world of imperfect existence, there is a need for precise philology, and in particular the meanings of the verbs as ('being') and bhu ('becoming'), and the prefix vi-. The ontological issue is then related to socio-economic structure.

Keywords:   Atman, Ontology, Imperfection of world, Upanishads, Socio-economic structures

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